Core Knowledge & Elements of Osteopathic Principles in the Discipline of Emergency Medicine
Content Outline and Assessment Objectives
- The Emergency Medicine examination is designed for end-of-course or end-of-clinical rotation/clerkship assessment for students enrolled at a college of osteopathic medicine (COM). Individual COMs may also administer the examination at other times in accordance with their curriculum goals and mission. This examination emphasizes core knowledge and elements of osteopathic principles and practice in the discipline of Emergency Medicine that are essential for the predoctoral osteopathic medical student.
The exam blueprint below contains the Emergency Medicine topics covered in two dimensions: Dimension 1 – Patient Presentation and Dimension 2 – Physician Tasks.
Dimension 1: Patient Presentation
|HEENT (Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat) Disorders||4–7%|
|Mental Status Change/Weakness||6–11%|
|Rashes/Disease of the Skin||2–5%|
|Shortness of Breath||6–11%|
Dimension 2: Physician Tasks
|History & Physical Examination||20–28%|
|Differential Diagnosis & Diagnostic Technologies||15–25%|
|Scientific Understanding of Health & Disease Mechanisms||5–15%|
|Health Care Delivery Issues||4–8%|
|Understanding of Procedural Skills (Indications/Performance Description/Contraindications)||10–20%|
|Health Promotion & Disease Prevention||2–4%|
General Learner-Centered Objectives
- Based on the general learner-centered objectives outlined in the Emergency Medicine Examination Blueprint, the examinee will be required to demonstrate the ability to apply:
- Foundational content knowledge to situations and patient presentations encountered in clinical settings and important to Emergency Medicine.
- Foundational content knowledge and clinical problem-solving ability related to physician tasks critical to Emergency Medicine.
- Knowledge and clinical problem-solving as related to the Fundamental Osteopathic Medical Competency Domains, including osteopathic principles and practice and osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), osteopathic medical knowledge, interpersonal and communication skills, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism and patient care.
- Osteopathic principles and practice in commonly encountered patient care scenarios.
Selected Specific Learner-Centered Objectives for Emergency Medicine
- For Emergency Medicine, the examinee will be required to demonstrate the ability to diagnose and manage selected patient presentations and clinical situations involving, but not limited to:
- Abdominal Pain: Aortic aneurysm, appendicitis, bowel obstruction, cholecystitis/cholelithiasis and diverticulitis
- Mental Status Change/Weakness: Cerebrovascular disease, hypoglycemia, infection, seizure, syncope and metabolic disorders
- Chest Pain: Acute coronary syndromes, aortic dissection, pneumothorax and pulmonary embolism
- Environmental/Travel Disorders: Chemical and thermal burns, envenomations and hypothermia/hyperthermia
- HEENT Disorders: Infection, headache including migraine and subarachnoid hemorrhage, glaucoma, epistaxis and trauma
- Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Upper including peptic ulcer disease and variceal, and lower including diverticulosis, hemorrhoids and malignancy
- Poisoning/Overdose: Anion gap acidosis, decontamination, and overdoses of acetaminophen, carbon monoxide, opioids, salicylates, tricyclic antidepressants and toxic alcohols
- Psychiatric/Behavioral: Psychosis, depression, substance abuse and suicidal ideation or attempt
- Resuscitation/Shock: Basic airway management, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, dysrhythmia identification and treatment and first minute of a code, treatment of shock states including anaphylaxis, cardiogenic, hypovolemic and septic
- Shortness of Breath: Airway obstruction, asthma/COPD, heart failure, pulmonary embolism, and infections including pneumonia, bronchitis, and epiglottitis
- Traumatic Injuries: Abdomen including bowel, hepatic, and splenic injuries, chest including hemothorax, pneumothorax, and tension pneumothorax, extremities including dislocations, fractures and splinting, head injuries including epi-/subdural hematomas, neck including cervical fractures and spinal cord damage, and pediatric non-accidental trauma/domestic violence
- OB/GYN: Abortion including complete, incomplete, inevitable and threatened, ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa and placental abruption. Infections including pelvic inflammatory disease and sexual transmitted infections
- Wound Care: Irrigation, local anesthesia, primary closure and tetanus prophylaxis
Selected Student and Faculty Learning Resources for Emergency Medicine
- In addition to the aforementioned objectives, examples of supplementary resources used by the NBOME to inform the development of the Emergency Medicine exam are listed below:
- The Emergency Medicine Practice Questions are primarily designed to assist the candidate in navigating through the examination, and it is provided to facilitate the actual testing experience. It is not designed to give the candidate a score or provide information about how a candidate might actually perform on the examination.
Launch Emergency Medicine Practice Questions
|Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide||Tintinalli et al.||9th||2019|
|Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice||Walls, Hockberger, & Gausche-Hill||10th||2022|
|Roberts and Hedges’ Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine and Acute Care||Roberts et al.||7th||2018|
|Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine Manual||Cydulka et al.||9th||2019|
|An Osteopathic Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment||DiGiovanna, Amen, & Burns||4th||2020|
|Foundations of Osteopathic Medicine||Seffinger||4th||2019|
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